Investing in the Future

When it comes to energy, there is one thing on which most people agree– New England, and the nation for that matter, need more reliable and diverse sources of power. Whether it’s natural gas, nuclear, hydropower or other renewables, new discoveries and technologies have the potential to relieve our energy needs. The path there won’t be quick or easy. Opposition to individual projects and a lack of agreement among those who drive energy policy are all challenges that must be overcome anywhere projects are debated.

infrastructure investment

This chart, compiled by the Energy Information Administration, shows where infrastructure investment dollars have been spent over the last 15 years.

Our ability to add more sources of energy also relies on infrastructure. Renewable energy can’t reach the grid without transmission lines to carry it there. Natural gas can’t be a viable alternative to traditional fossil fuels if there isn’t a pipeline to get it to a power plant. Even increased output from existing generation relies on upgrades to transmission lines.

We may be at the dawn of a new energy era in America – and the need for new development is urgent. Reaching our goal of a secure and reliable energy grid will require significant coordination between the states and more investment in infrastructure and technology.

Our View: Stalled gas pipeline shows need for energy diversity
(Portland Press Herald)

New England relying more on natural gas along with hydroelectric imports from Canada
(EIA.gov)

Stop worrying, and love nuclear power: Officials
(CNBC)

Plans in motion to beat energy crisis
(Portsmouth Herald)

George Coppenrath: New England pols create energy woes
(Providence Journal)

Texas company cancels Alabama wind farm project
(Montgomery Advertiser)

Beating Our Enemies By Energy Independence
(Forbes)

This chart about power lines says a lot about how the US electricity system is changing
(VOX)

New England governors’ energy effort on hold
(AP via Concord Monitor)

Tackling New England’s Energy Challenges
(New Hampshire Institute of Politics and Political Library)

‘Major investment cycle’ and rapidly changing U.S. energy markets pose fresh challenges for FERC
(E&E Publishing)

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An Industry in Transition

States’ renewable energy standards, a focus on energy efficiency, lower costs for renewable energy sources, and a natural gas boom have all greatly changed New England’s energy market in the past decade. The good news is these changes have led to lower greenhouse gas emissions, including a 20 percent reduction in CO2 emissions throughout New England.

The bad news is that New England’s energy market and the sources of our power have fallen out of balance. The region relies too much on one fuel source – natural gas – to generate power and there’s not enough natural gas supply to meet our needs.

The New England grid operator, ISO New England, has been talking about this growing problem for the past few years, and again recently voiced concern when President and CEO, Gordon Van Welie, spoke to a group of power industry representatives. The presentation, called “Reliability and Economic Challenges Resulting from an Electric Power Industry in Transition,” outlined the region’s changing energy landscape, including the effects on energy customers.

Van Welie noted that technological advances are bringing down the cost of renewable power sources and increasing their position in the energy market. Low natural gas prices are also prompting development of natural gas-fired plants in New England. More affordable renewable and natural gas sources mean the region is moving away from costlier fuels, such as oil and coal. As a result, New England relies on natural gas for 46 percent of its electricity today.

Yet as last winter showed, New England can’t always count on natural gas and the grid was forced to return to traditional fossil fuels to keep the lights on. As you can see from the chart below, most of the region’s natural gas-fired plants sat idle on one of the coldest days of the year because the supply of natural gas was constrained, and the market price of energy that day skyrocketed to record rates.

Van Welie advised the group of energy experts that changing the way the market functions and creating new rules and incentives for generators could help solve the problem, but most people in the energy industry agree those are only temporary fixes. For New England to ensure reliability and prevent spikes in electricity prices, new non-natural gas sources of power must be added to the regional grid.

1Van Welie Pipeline Obligations 01-28-14 Graph

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Imagine Where We’d Be Today

 

New England has long been a leader in innovation, industry and technology. Imagine where we’d be today if we’d solely listened to those who said ‘no.’ Yet, as we approach another New England winter, maybe a little earlier than we’d like, one major proposal to solve the region’s energy crisis has hit a roadblock.

The Governor of Massachusetts has expressed reservations about an historic plan to solicit more energy via gas pipelines and electric transmission. The failure to find ways to expand and diversify New England’s energy supply had an economic impact last winter, is still having an economic impact in the region today, and will likely continue to have an effect this winter.  The region’s lack of infrastructure development also has near term environmental consequences and further delays the benefits cleaner energy projects can bring.

Regardless of their position on energy issues, people generally agree that a thorough permitting process is necessary for energy projects and realize the importance of compromise with these proposals.

gas by manufacturers

As you can see from this chart, New England’s manufacturers pay the most in the nation for natural gas.

gas by region

That added cost is disproportionately placed on small businesses (Table 2), which lack the ability to buy in bulk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter: Wrong view of Northern Pass
Concord Monitor

Fall 2014: Polar Vortex visits Northeast; South at risk for tropical hit
Accuweather.com

Bold plan to expand New England gas pipeline capacity on hold
Portland Press Herald

Gov. Patrick backs away from regional effort to expand natural gas capacity
Boston Business Journal

LePage to Mass governor: Blocking regional natural gas expansion is ‘colossal mistake’
Bangor Daily News

Gubernatorial candidates react to Old Town mill closure, show split on energy, jobs policy
Bangor Daily News

New England governors’ energy effort on hold
AP via Nashua Telegraph

U.S. Senator opposes new natural gas pipeline in New England
Forbes

Cape Wind: An obvious choice for a younger generation
Cape Cod Today

Independent on energy
Worcester Telegram

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How New England’s energy policies affect you

“For the next several winters, we’re going to potentially have really high prices and price volatility. Customers are going to simply pay more for gas and energy.”

– William Quinlan, President and COO of PSNH, August 2014

New England is one of the best places to live, but it’s also one of the most expensive places to buy electricity in the country. Our region is highly dependent on natural gas for generating electricity, yet we lack the ability to bring in enough natural gas to meet both our home heating and power generation needs throughout the winter. Add on top of that last winter’s “Polar Vortex” cold snaps and New England’s wholesale energy prices went skyrocketing.

Quinlan-Kocher

Energy companies are closely watching these issues, including PSNH President and COO William Quinlan. In a recent interview on WMUR’s “NH’s Business” segment, Quinlan told viewers that our dependence on natural gas caused winter natural gas prices to double last year. New England paid $3 billion more for energy this winter than it did during the winter of 2012/2013, largely because of our dependence on natural gas. This is a problem that’s not going away any time soon, he said.

“It will take several years to build out the infrastructure to really address this situation,” Quinlan said.

This WMUR segment shows not only how dependent New England has become on natural gas, it explains why this is having an effect on our electricity prices, too.

 

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What’s out there?

The headline of a recent Keene Sentinel editorial sums it up pretty well: Energy choices are becoming fewer, harder.  In some cases, energy producers are reversing course because of the quickly and dramatically shifting landscape.

As we’ve discussed for several months, the need for new sources of energy is increasing while the drive to develop those sources is lagging.  It doesn’t seem to matter whether it’s a wind farm, a gas pipeline, or a hydropower transmission project—the tendency to say “no” is at odds with the majority of voices who are asking “how can we make this work?”

While the lessons of last winter are still emerging, we’re getting ready for what the Sentinel calls “another winter of our discontent.”  In that spirit, we thought it would be helpful to take a bird’s eye view at some the many energy projects being considered which could get us closer to solving the region’s energy challenges.

pipelineNortheast Energy Direct Project – This proposed extension of the Tennessee Gas Pipeline would increase the flow of natural gas from the Marcellus Shale region into New England via a new pipeline that would extend 180 miles across Massachusetts, with a small portion extending into southern New Hampshire.  Advocates say the plan is just what the region needs to alleviate the constraints that limit cold-weather access to fuel.  Opponents’ concerns range from what the pipeline will do to property values, to potential environmental and safety hazards, to umbrage with the fracking process used to extract the gas.

Ridgeline wind farms – Two proposals to build wind farms on New England mountain tops were recently withdrawn from consideration.  Developers for both the Seneca Mountain Wind project in Vermont and the Wild Meadows wind project in New Hampshire pulled the plug on their respective proposals, citing, in part, a lack of community support.  Wind, in theory, remains a popular renewable resource and makes up about 40 percent of the projects in the queue at ISO-New England.

turbinesCape Wind – More than 10 years after it was announced, the Cape Wind project has yet to begin construction, but is inching closer with the developers hiring a lead contractor.  The proposed offshore wind farm for Nantucket Sound would generate more than 450 megawatts of electricity from 130 turbines.  Cape Wind has had steady opposition from some residents and groups; most notably, the Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound.  Off-shore wind proposals are gaining ground, however, with the federal government recently announcing it would lease hundreds of thousands of ocean acres for such projects.

Northern Pass – The 187 mile long high-voltage transmission line would carry 1,200 megawatts of hydropower from Canada to a substation in Deerfield, New Hampshire, where the energy would enter the New England grid.  Supporters say the vast amount of clean energy would help the region begin to replace the significant amount of generation that’s retiring, reduce carbon emissions, and stabilize energy costs.  Opposition has focused primarily on the potential visual impacts of the line.

There are many other proposals of different sizes and sources and in various stages of development.  As New England continues to look for ways to solve its emerging energy crisis, building consensus in the face of opposition will be one of the region’s biggest challenges.

Sentinel Editorial Energy choices are becoming fewer, harder
(Keene Sentinel)

Owner pulls plug on sale of Maine’s largest power plant
(Portland Press Herald)

Russia Ships Coal to America Despite Sanctions
(Forbes)

Plans for tariffs on New England’s electricity market just hit a new roadblock
(Boston Business Journal)

PJM May Expand Capacity Market Rules: A Handout to Fossil Fuels, Or a Needed Reliability Boost?
(Greentech Media)

Natural gas: Massachusetts is ground zero for Northeast’s pipeline fight
(Christian Science Monitor)

Seneca Kills Wind Project
(Vermont Public Radio)

Cape Wind inks construction pacts
(Boston Herald)

At Five Year Mark, Vineyard Power Gains Foothold in Alternative Energy Race
(Vineyard Gazette)

Opinion: The Northern Pass project is important to New England
(Montreal Gazette)

 

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Let’s not get left in the dark

WInter season market costs 2010-15

Data source: ISO-New England

Hard to believe it’s already August.  While we enjoy these “dog days” of summer, we know the crisp nights of autumn aren’t that far away and, soon after, another winter.

Last winter’s energy roller coaster – with short supply of fuel and out of control price spikes – drove seasonal wholesale energy costs $3 billion higher than the year before.  These price spikes have made an impact on our economy. One local company made a major business decision last week to avoid the tumultuous energy market while another is still trying to recover from last year.

By the end of 2014, New England will have lost two major power plants that were online during that polar crunch (Salem Harbor and Vermont Yankee) and not one new watt of power will have come on line to help.

The frigid fact is New England’s energy crisis demands large scale solutions that take time to develop.  While there is significant debate about the best way to solve our problems, one thing is clear: failure to find agreement and move forward with sensible projects has the potential to leave us in the dark.

New pipeline for natural gas could ease New England’s capacity shortage
(Portland Press Herald)

Waste Management to sell Hampton-based Wheelabrator
(Bloomberg via Union Leader)

GPT’s ownership Patriarch Partners studies adjusted business plan
(Coös County Democrat and Berlin Reporter)

Demolition of Salem Harbor Station begins
(Salem News)

Yankee’s last day reported as Dec. 29
(Times Argus)

Holyoke Gas and Electric Manager James Lavelle said region needs more natural gas capacity
(Springfield Republican)

Protesters voice unease over pipeline
(Boston Globe)

NH, New England facing an emerging energy crisis
(WMUR)

Energy bill’s failure sets back state’s fight on climate change
(Boston Globe)

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The expensive energy debate

US_Avg_Electricity_Prices_MAP_2013

This map shows the 2013 average price of electricity, by state, across the U.S., compiled from data from the EIA, on a cents/kWh basis.

Oh, to be so close, yet still so far!  Despite the fact that plentiful sources of low-cost energy are at New England’s doorstep, residents and businesses in the Northeast will likely be paying higher utility bills for the foreseeable future.  And it’s not for a lack of ideas.

One effort currently under development to relieve the region’s constrained energy infrastructure would charge utility customers to fund new natural gas pipelines and clean energy transmission lines.  This initiative from the six New England Governors is far from a done deal, and any projects selected through the process would still undergo a thorough public review and siting process before they could be built.  There are also proposed market based projects that are subject to the same public review.

Despite the region’s desperate need for new sources of energy, the environment for development is turbulent.  A natural gas pipeline proposal, which could possibly be funded by the governors’ efforts, is finding stiff opposition in Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire.  A group of Vermonters continues to petition and protest against a smaller-scale pipeline expansion, and one coastal Maine community recently took steps to block exports of Canadian tar sands oil.  Even in neighboring New York, there are efforts to curtail the operations of an existing nuclear power plant (which occasionally supplies power to New England).

Americans spent more than $360 billion dollars on electricity in 2012.  Last winter, New England paid billions more for energy than it did the winter before.  The region’s grid operator, ISO-NE, is taking unprecedented measures to ensure there’ll be enough power to keep the lights on.  Policy makers, developers, and those in the public who both support and oppose projects must keep calm heads and work through their disagreements to advance solutions the region demands.  Otherwise, we’ll soon learn the true cost of inaction.

Some US consumers may see high power prices for next several winters: report
(Platts)

Make no bad deals on pipeline expansion
(Foster’s Daily Democrat)

Transmission projects aim to tap Canadian hydroelectricity
(Boston Globe)

A regional power solution
(CommonWealth Magazine)

The Pipeline Revolt
(The Valley Advocate)

Hollis, Brookline and Pepperell unite in march against pipeline
(Nashua Telegraph)

Vermont Gas customers among those signing petition to halt pipeline
(VT Digger)

Opponents Petition Against Proposed Gas Pipeline
(Associated Press, Burlington, VT)

South Portland approves law barring tar sands oil
(Portland Press Herald)

Tar sands battleground: South Portland
(Portland Press Herald)

The coming battle over an ‘unprecedented’ Indian Point shutdown
(Capital New York)

The Surprising Reasons Why Lowering CO2 Emissions Will Drive Our Electricity Bills Down, Not Up
(Forbes)

Grid overseer seeks federal help to keep plans for Salem power plant alive
(Boston Business Journal)

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Talk can be cheap, energy is expensive

Energy seized the headlines again last week as the New England governors and Eastern Canadian premiers met in New Hampshire to discuss the most important issue shared by residents on both sides of the border.  It was an obvious topic, with Canada’s plentiful hydropower resources and New England’s increasing need for energy. Our energy predicament is serious and continues to gain national attention; but, there was a glimmer of hope from the conference – both the New England Governors and the Eastern Canadian Premiers agreed that hydropower will likely be part of New England’s energy future.

Elsewhere in New England, however, opposition continues to many viable options whether it’s hydro, natural gas, wind projects or policy initiatives that would promote energy development. Even a heralded plan for a new North Country LNG plant appears to be off the table.  Clearly, there is still much work to be done to bring New England closer to a cleaner, more secure energy future.

Public input and scrutiny of energy projects are essential elements of the public permitting processes and the harsh reality is that time is not on New England’s side.  Another potentially cold and expensive winter will soon be here, poised again to challenge the region.  Chances are New England’s energy problems will still be a topic of discussion when the governors and premiers meet again next year.

Keeping America’s lights on
(The Hill)

N.E. govs., Canadian officials meet, talk energy in the future
(Union Leader)

Energy-Starved ‘Planet Of The Apes’ What Greens Want
(Investor’s Business Daily)

Hollis gas pipeline meeting has 100 participants, and just about 100 thumbs down
(Nashua Telegraph)

Gov. Deval Patrick says Mass. clean energy bill ‘hangs in the balance right now’
(Boston Business Journal)

Groveton: Proposed Natural Gas Plant Pulled
(Caledonian Record)

Clean energy gets priority at N.H. conference
(AP via Portland Press Herald)

Not Much For “Kremlin Watchers” At Meeting Between N.E. Governors And Canadian Premiers
(NHPR)

ISO-NE and NEPOOL file proposal with FERC to implement a Winter Reliability Program for winter 2014/2015
(ISO Newswire)

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Get the Facts: 5 Misconceptions about Northern Pass

Myths vs. Facts: 5 Common Misconceptions about the Northern Pass

Myth #1: New Hampshire doesn’t need the power

FACT: Some opponents claim New Hampshire produces more energy than it uses, exporting the excess out-of-state. When people hear this, they often ask, “Then why do we need Northern Pass?”

The fact is we are part of a single regional system for generating and transmitting electricity.  We’re also part of one market that sets the price for that electricity. That system and market are operated by the nonprofit Independent System Operator (ISO) New England.  This means that all New England states share power across their borders, and the price that New Hampshire residents pay for the electricity they use is largely determined by the market price of all the energy in the regional “pool,” not just on what’s available in New Hampshire.

In the past year, a number of power plants within the New England grid announced they will soon shut down, shrinking the amount of power available on the grid. In February, ISO New England announced that in a few years, the region’s power plants won’t make enough energy to guarantee grid reliability—meaning there might not be enough power to keep everyone’s lights on all the time. The result will be higher prices for the energy produced in the region and more money spent to import energy to make up the difference. This will eventually drive the cost of energy up for consumers throughout the pool, including New Hampshire.

New England is already facing energy challenges before any of these plants retire. Just last year, wholesale electricity prices shot up 55 percent.  This past winter, PSNH had to burn stored oil and turn on backup generators that use expensive jet fuel to meet demand when natural gas wasn’t available to run power plants.  This was also the most expensive winter in recent memory.  New Englanders paid $5.1 billion to heat and power their homes between December and February.  The region spent $5.2 billion in all of 2012.

Myth #2: New Hampshire won’t see any of the power or benefit from the project

FACT: Northern Pass will carry clean hydropower from the New Hampshire border with Canada, south to where it will be distributed throughout the regional grid from a substation in Deerfield, New Hampshire. A portion of the energy will be used in New Hampshire, as well as the other New England states.

In our regional energy system, the price of electricity is based on how much power is available to everyone in all of the New England states. When a new source of low-cost energy is added, it lowers the price of electricity for everyone. An energy market study showed that the added power from Northern Pass will lower energy costs by about $300 million a year throughout New England, and that New Hampshire will save between $20 million and $35 million annually on energy costs as a result.

Northern Pass will also generate $28 million annually in additional tax revenue for New Hampshire, based on 2011 tax rates, adding up to more than $1 billion over the life of the project. When a company builds something, whether it’s a store or a transmission tower, it increases the value of the property— and the property taxes owed to that community. Each town along the route, the counties along the route, and the state will all get additional revenue each year and for years to come once Northern Pass is built. That includes $7.5 million annually paid directly to the state education fund.  This additional revenue is generated without increasing the costs of any government services.

Myth #3: The project will “cut a swath through some of New Hampshire’s most scenic landscapes.”

FACT: The above quote, from a professional opposition group’s website, is an example of the misleading messages being delivered to people in New Hampshire about Northern Pass.

Now let’s look at the facts.

Nearly 80 percent of the route will be built along existing power line corridors, where one or more power lines have existed for many decades.  It makes sense to use a corridor already committed to this type of use, and it will not require the clearing of a new path through the vast majority of the route. PSNH currently manages the vegetation in these rights-of-way using environmentally sound methods and without the use of herbicides, and Northern Pass will use those same methods.

There are two portions of the route—a total of 8 miles—that will be buried under public roads.

A portion of the route requires a new transmission corridor, commonly referred to as a “right-of-way.”  This new corridor was developed in collaboration with willing landowners through land purchases and easements. Wherever practical, the Northern Pass route was sited in areas where the lines will be less visible.

The Northern Pass structure heights are designed based on National Electric Safety Code (NESC) requirements and are influenced by topography. For example, if the land is hilly, the structures may need to be taller to comply with the design requirements. You may have heard some groups say the structures will be “up to 155 feet.” Only one Northern Pass structure is that tall. The most common height for the Northern Pass DC structures is between 85-90 feet through the northern-most part of the route and 85-95 feet from Dummer to Franklin.  In Franklin, the energy is converted to Alternating Current (AC). Between Franklin and Deerfield, the most common structure height is 80 feet.  Taller structures are necessary in some places to cross rivers, roadways, other lines or structures, or to meet NESC requirements.

Many people are concerned about the potential impact to the White Mountain National Forest, which Northern Pass crosses for 11 miles. The project will not need a new route through this region, but will use an existing right-of-way where power lines have stood for more than 50 years. This part of the project must be approved by the U.S. Forest Service. Our application can be viewed online.

You can take a view the entire Northern Pass proposal, including the route, structure heights, right-of-way widths and even view simulations that show what the project will look like when complete. It’s all available on our website, www.northernpass.us.

Myth #4: Northern Pass will harm the environment

FACT: Northern Pass believes it has proposed a transmission line route that takes into consideration New Hampshire’s unique landscape. Whenever possible, lines are proposed to be sited in low-lying areas and valleys. Nearly 80 percent of the route is within existing rights-of-way that have long supported their own important and diverse ecosystem. Overhead lines are seen as an environmentally friendly option in many cases because they allow the flow of power over and around sensitive areas, like wetlands, vernal pools and streams, with little disturbance. When opponents mention Northern Pass’ impact on the environment, they’re often referring to the view impact.

Opponents tend to ignore or dismiss the fact that Northern Pass has tremendous environmental benefits.  When low-carbon sources like hydropower are added to the system, it means the grid relies less on polluting forms of energy, like coal or oil. By adding 1,200 megawatts of clean energy, Northern Pass will reduce regional carbon emissions by up to 5 million tons a year. That’s equal to the amount of CO2 emissions released from 900,000 cars.

Myth #5: Northern Pass will only create “temporary jobs” and these jobs won’t go to NH workers anyway

FACT: Northern Pass expects to create 1,200 jobs during construction. There is a Project Labor Agreement in place that says contractors working on the project must first seek New Hampshire workers for these jobs. For many of the professions needed, like linemen or builders, all of the work they do is “temporary.” They work on a project until the job is complete and then move on to the next assignment. Many workers tell us how much they welcome the opportunity to work in their home state of New Hampshire, instead of traveling out of state for work.

Northern Pass also formed a Jobs Creation Fund to further improve economic development after Northern Pass is complete. This $7.5 million fund will be monitored by a board of local leaders who will direct the money into local businesses and projects to help put people to work.

There are many skilled New Hampshire workers, contractors, and businesses looking to work on this $1.4 billion renewable energy project. The money these workers spend in communities along the route will spur economic growth and give a boost to the overall New Hampshire economy. Studies also indicate that the project will create 200 permanent jobs in New Hampshire as a result of the energy cost savings Northern Pass will generate.

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More fuel for our economy

Whether relaxing on a hot day by the pool or seeking relief in the comfort of an air-conditioned home, it’s easy to forget how important electricity is to our daily lives. Yet when the price of that electricity rises, the added cost can have a noticeable effect on our economy.

Homeowners saddled with higher electricity bills have less money to spend on other things, and businesseTop 10 Energy Prices.NoTexts both large and small will delay purchases and new hires if they are forced to spend more to keep the lights on. This is an issue of great importance to New Hampshire, since our state has some of the highest energy costs in the nation.

We again saw this week a call for action to solve this crisis as the New England governors prepare to meet with the Eastern Canadian premiers. Canadian hydropower continues to garner interest as a way to provide a base load supply of energy to compliment new sources of clean energy, like wind and solar, as well as serve as an alternative energy source to natural gas, on which New England is largely dependent. Debate also continues in Massachusetts on a clean energy bill and the natural gas pipeline companies discussing potential pipeline expansion.

No matter the energy source, there is a growing consensus that adding more energy will lead to lower energy costs for everyone. When residents and business owners spend less on energy, that’s more money they can put back into the economy and spend on other things.

(The links below are referenced in the above communication)

Region faces major spike in cost of energy
(Portsmouth Herald)

Electricity, gas shortage a real threat
(Portsmouth Herald)

America’s highest power bills
(Wall St. Cheat Sheet)

Another View – Tiler Eaton: Northern Pass project would help, not hurt, NH’s economy
(New Hampshire Union Leader)

Letter: Embrace hydroelectric power
(Concord Monitor)

PSNH president eyes energy crunch
(Portsmouth Herald)

Moving New England to a clean energy future
(Boston Globe)

NH gas pipeline expansion pushed
(New Hampshire Union Leader)

Natural gas pipeline plan creates rift in Massachusetts
(New York Times)

Obama’s carbon emission reduction plan not bad for business
(Hartford Business Journal)

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